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Laws of the Game



Non-dangerous protective equipment, for example headgear, facemasks and knee and arm protectors made of soft, lightweight padded material is permitted as are caps and sports spectacles.

Head covers

Where head covers are worn, they must:

  • be black or the same main colour as the shirt (provided that the players of the same team wear the same colour)

  • be in keeping with the professional appearance of the player’s equipment

  • not be attached to the shirt

  • not be dangerous to the player wearing it or any other player (e.g. opening/closing mechanism around neck)

  • not have any part(s) extending out from the surface (protruding elements)

Electronic communication

Players (including substitutes/substituted and sent-off players) are not permitted to wear or use any form of electronic or communication equipment (except where EPTS is allowed). The use of any form of electronic communication by team officials is permitted where it directly relates to player welfare or safety or for tactical/coaching reasons but only small, mobile, handheld equipment (e.g. microphone, headphone, earpiece, mobile phone/smartphone, smartwatch, tablet, laptop) may be used. A team official who uses unauthorised equipment or who behaves in an inappropriate manner as a result of the use of electronic or communication equipment will be sent off.

Electronic performance and tracking systems (EPTS)

Where wearable technology (WT) as part of electronic performance and tracking systems (EPTS) is used in matches played in an official competition organised under the auspices of FISA, confederations or national subbuteo associations, the competition organiser must ensure that the technology attached to the players' equipment is not dangerous and meets one of the following standards: SIMS (Subbuteo International Match Standard) or FISA Quality.

The institutes conducting these tests are subject to the approval of FISA.

Where EPTS are provided by the match or competition organiser, it is the responsibility of that match or competition organiser to ensure that the information and data transmitted from EPTS to the technical area during matches played in an official competition are reliable and accurate.

A professional standard was developed by FISA and approved by The ISAB in order to support the competition organisers with the approval process of reliable and accurate electronic performance and tracking systems.

The following mark indicates that an EPTS (wearable or optical) has been officially tested to the requirements in terms of reliability and accuracy of positional data in subbuteo: