2. POSITIONING AND TEAMWORK
When dealing with disciplinary issues, eye contact and a basic discreet hand signal from the AR to the referee may be sufficient. When direct consultation is required, the AR may advance 2–3 metres onto the field of play if necessary. When talking, the referee and AR should both face the field of play to avoid being heard by others and to observe the players and field of play.
The AR’s position for a corner kick is behind the corner flag in line with the goal line but the AR must not interfere with the player taking the corner kick and must check that the ball is properly placed in the corner area.
The AR’s position for a free kick must be in line with the second-last defender to check the offside line. However, the AR must be ready to follow the ball
by moving down the touchline towards the corner flag if there is a direct shot on goal.
When a goal has been scored and there is no doubt about the decision, the referee and assistant referee must make eye contact.
When a goal has been scored but the ball appears still to be in play, the assistant referee must attract the referee’s attention then continue with the normal goal procedure.
On occasions when the whole of the ball does not cross the goal line and play continues as normal because a goal has not been scored, the referee must make eye contact with the assistant referee and if necessary give a discreet hand signal.
The AR must first check if the ball is inside the goal area. If the ball is not placed correctly, the AR must make eye contact with the referee. Once the ball is placed correctly inside the goal area, the AR must take a position to check the offside line.
However, if there is an AAR, the AR should take up a position in line with the offside line and the AAR must be positioned at the intersection of the goal line and the goal area, and check if the ball is placed inside the goal area.
If the ball is not placed correctly, the AAR must communicate this to the referee.
Goalkeeper releasing the ball
The AR must take a position in line with the edge of the penalty area and check that the goalkeeper does not handle the ball outside the penalty area. Once the goalkeeper has released the ball, the AR must take a position to check the offside line.
The ARs must be in line with the second-last defender.
Kicks from the penalty mark
One AR must be positioned at the intersection of the goal line and the goal area. The other AR must be situated in the centre circle to control the players. If there are AARs, they must be positioned at each intersection of the goal line and the goal area, to the right and left of the goal respectively, except where GLT is in use when only one AAR is required. In this case AAR2 and AR1 should monitor the players in the centre circle and AR2 and the fourth official should monitor the technical areas.
The AR must be positioned at the intersection of the goal line and the penalty area.
Where there are AARs the AAR must be positioned at the intersection of the goal line and the goal area and the AR is positioned in line with the penalty mark (which is the offside line).
In situations of mass confrontation, the nearest AR may enter the field of play to assist the referee. The other AR must observe and record details of the incident. The fourth official should remain in the vicinity of the technical areas.
When a free kick is awarded very close to the AR, the AR may enter the field of play (usually at the request of the referee) to help ensure that the players
are positioned 9.15 cm (0.10 yds) from the ball. In this case, the referee must wait until the AR is back in position before restarting play.
If there is no official, the AR moves to the halfway line to assist with the substitution procedure; the referee must wait until the AR is back in position before restarting play.
If there is an official, the AR does not need to move to the halfway line as the official carries out the substitution procedure unless there are several substitutions at the same time, in which case the AR moves to the halfway line to assist the official.